Urinalysis Report (50 points) Report Due Date: October 18 at 11:59 PM Submit the report on Blackboard at Testing and Submission Center folder Urine Analysis of urine composition and properties is often used to evaluate the function of the kidneys and other organs. This procedure is called a urinalysis. A urinalysis involves three aspects: physical characteristics, chemical analysis, and microscopic examination. Physical characteristics of urine include volume, color, transparency, and odor. The chemical analysis of urine addresses the concentration of solutes such as glucose, protein, ketones, bilirubin, urobilinogen, nitrite, leukocyte esterase, and hemoglobin. The specific gravity and pH of urine are greatly influenced by the components and amounts of solutes. An examination of microscopic solids including cells, casts and crystals assist in the diagnosis of injury, various diseases, and urinary infection. This report should be considered a professional laboratory report, so avoid using idioms or layperson language in your report. Be creative and tell what you want to say in a clear and precise manner. You may start with a short introduction, but do not spend too much on the introduction, and try to focus on the actual assays in your report. If your statements are inaccurate or unclear, you will lose points. How many points you may ask? The answer depends on the inaccuracy of the statement. I will evaluate each case separately when I am grading your report. There is NO specific format for the laboratory report; however, the report must include the description of every chemical assay in the routine urinalysis including the confirmatory assays. Provide a BRIEF description of each test and its limitations. Indicate what abnormal 1 results may suggest and whether there are any interfering substances that may mislead the investigators. Discuss how each assay may reflect a patient’s health conditions. You will lose points for weak diction and grammar, so make sure to review and edit your final report before submission. Once submitted, you cannot retract the report and will be graded accordingly. The report should not exceed a maximum of 5 pages (not including the title page and references). For your report, the reference list should appear immediately following the report text (beginning on a new page; not included in 5-page maximum). References should contain complete titles and inclusive page numbers and should be numbered in chronological order as they appear in the manuscript. I do not have any preferences for the format of the references (e.g. APA or MLA, …) as long as I can quickly find the exact original reference. If your references are inaccurate or unclear, you will lose major points. If you plagiarize, the report will receive zero points, but I will also dismiss you from the course. You are an adult and responsible for your own actions, so think about your action before you do it. Maximum of 5 pages (single space). 10 points for the quality of written report (e.g. diction, grammar, fluidity). 40 points for accuracy and comprehensive response to the assignment. Urinalysis Procedure Physical Characteristics The color and appearance of the urine specimen are recorded. Usual colors are colorless, straw, yellow, amber; less commonly pink, red, brown. Usual appearances (opacity) are clear or hazy; less commonly turbid, cloudy, and opaque, unless the specimen has remained at room or refrigerated temperatures. Chemical Analysis: 1. The common chemical testing of urine utilizes commercial disposable test strips. The test strips test for Glucose, Bilirubin, Ketone, Specific Gravity, Blood, pH, Protein, Urobilinogen, Nitrite, and Leukocyte Esterase. The result of this testing is regarded as qualitatively (semi-quantitative). 2. A fresh urine specimen is collected in a clean, dry container. A Multistix strip is briefly immersed in the urine specimen, covering all reagent areas. 3. The edge of the Multistix strip is run against the rim of the urine container to remove excess urine. The strip is held in a horizontal position. 4. Time for 30 seconds and then compare the reaction colors of the test areas with those on the strip container, starting with glucose. Make sure that the test strip is properly aligned so that the test area is opposite the correct part of the color chart. The white holding strip should be held towards the top of the strip container. 5. The reactions are read visually. The strip test areas are compared to those on the Multistix color chart at the specified times. The results are recorded, and the strip is discarded. Confirmatory Assays 1. We can perform confirmatory assays for protein, ketones, and reducing substances. Why do we perform these assays? What information is provided by these assays? Make sure to address this question in your report. 2. We can measure specific gravity for the urine specimen using a refractometer. Does the refractometer result always match the multistix strip? What may be the reason for discrepancies? Make sure to address this issue in the final report. 3. View images of cells, crystals, and casts in the presentations that are provided for you in module 2. 3 Caution: Reducing sugar confirmatory test (Clinitest) is an exothermic chemical reaction that will generate heat. Never hold the tube in your hands while performing the assay. Summary Your final report (50 points) needs to include the description of every chemical assay in the routine urinalysis which includes the confirmatory assays. Provide a BRIEF description of each test and its limitations including the interfering substances. Indicate what any abnormal results may suggest and discuss how each assay may reflect a patient’s health conditions.
Top-Quality Papers with AssignmentsABC
Are you stuck with your paper? Is a research paper giving you a hard time crafting research topics? We assist students in achieving the best top-grade academic writing services in compliance with the provided instructions. Have your paper written with a certified specialist Ph.D., Bachelor's, and Master's graduates with many years of experience in academic writing. All our writers undergo thorough tests to ensure they are qualified writers and deliver the best consistent papers of high quality under tight deadlines.
1000+ Master's, Bachelor's and Ph.d. Experts
We ensure all our writers have the knowledge and experience of crafting the best papers before hiring them. Our writers have acquired Bachelor's or Ph.D. credentials from reputable institutions all over the globe. Our writers can handle papers from any discipline and can handle over 100+ subjects. Including but not limited to a dissertation, term papers, research papers, narrative essays, thesis papers, expository essays, etc. All your orders must pass through a strict protocol of our expert essay writing editors.
Affordable Essay Writing Services
We know that students have very limited budgets. And for that, we always strive to provide only the best, most affordable online college homework help services to our customers. We provide a great deal of student-friendly prices and professionalism with all our essay writing services. We provide great discounts for all our returning customers and new clients. Our paper writing services have a user-friendly interface and professional academic assistance. We are committed to assisting all students in any discipline regardless of their academic level. Place an order with an essay writer today.
Timely delivery of Work
Are you close to missing your paper deadline? Or spent a lot of time conducting extensive research and crafting papers? You are at the right place to get your research paper done in under 3 hours to meet your tight deadline. Our writers follow a strict schedule to ensure papers are delivered before the deadline to enable our editors to proofread before the final delivery to our customers. We strictly observe the early delivery of assignments to meet our clients' deadlines. You can, therefore, trust that your paper will be done within and before the set deadline.
100% Original Papers
"Hello, can you write my essay with 100% original content?" We are dedicated to conducting thorough research and writing papers from scratch to deliver original papers. Writers who deliver plagiarized papers are suspended to avoid future plagiarized papers. To avoid paper plagiarism, all orders go through steps of writing, editing, and proofreading. All papers are delivered with 100% plagiarism content. You can, therefore, rest assured that any signs of plagiarized or unoriginal content will be rejected before it reaches your portal.
24/7/365 Customer Assistance
We are dedicated to ensuring our customers have an excellent experience while using our essay writing services. Our customer support is available 24/7/365 to help clients and make their paper writing services easy to use. Our experienced support team is available to answer your queries any time, 24 hours a day. Kindly feel free to ask your queries on your order placement, payment methods, and order processing. Our customer support is always available round the clock and ready to listen to your queries. Feel free to contact us via our website or live chat.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
For years now, Assignmentsabc.com has stood as a leader in providing its customers with the best online college homework help service in the industry. And all you have to do is provide us with the details of your order. Leave everything else to us. We’ve always got you covered.
Since we launched, Assignmentsabc.com deserved the best online “college homework help status” thanks to our essay ordering, writing, and delivery process. We deliver nothing but excellence in our results. Our essay writing services include impeccable grammar, zero-plagiarism, proper structure, and conformance to guidelines.
Admission and Business Papers
Our top-quality online college homework help services guarantee that you will be accepted into your desired university. You just need to fill out your admission and business papers, and our team of online homework help workers will handle the rest. We will help you achieve and secure the best positions in your admissions forms.
Editing and Proofreading
At Assignmentsabc.com, we have a skilled writing and editing team that’s dedicated to creating, editing, and restructuring for all types of papers. Our online college homework help editing and proofreading team will check, paraphrase, and correct any grammar mistakes on your paper before submitting the final document to you.
At Assignmentsabc.com, we pride ourselves in having writers in almost all fields, even the most technical ones. You never have to worry about your paper being too technical for our certified online college homework help writers to handle. Mycoursewriter's team of writers can handle even the most complex writers. We will match your paper to the most competent writer that we believe will handle your paper the best way possible.