Language and Society
Course: Sociolinguistics. Homework, Textbook: Sociolinguistics, an introduction to language and society. By Peter Trudgill [https://www.pdfdrive.com/sociolinguistics-an-introduction-to-language-and-society-d185830436.html] available online. You have the liberty to consult any type of material to assist you properly answer the questions of the exam. Use your language, avoid copy and paste. Avoid plagiarism! Answer the following questions: I. Define the following term with brief illustrations: 1. Sociolinguistic variables 2. Creolization process in language development 3. Covert prestige 4. Observer’s paradox 5. Dialect leveling 6. Creolization 7. Ethnography of speech 8. Lingua franca 9. Mutual intelligibility 10.Dialectal shift II. How is the variations between Black English and Standers American English can be attributed to nonlinguistic factors including: segregation, slavery trade and social injustice? What are the consequences of this significant dialectal difference on education of AfroAmerican children? III. How did Trudgill treated the linguistic situations in the Balkans and China and the Indian subcontinent? Critically discuss the non-linguistic issues in such contexts? IV. How do research methods of social factors and geographical factors differ in accounting for linguistic variations, AND WHY? V. Diglossia is a unique linguistic phenomenon where linguistic varieties exist side by side to play completely different functions. According to Ferguson, the high variety is learned at a latter stage in life while the low variety is naturally acquired. Critically Discuss these assumptions regarding the Arabic diglossic situation in relation to the American English dialectal variations while taking Afro-American English into consideration.