Health Issues Analysis
Scenario Three: Obesity in an Adolescent: Michelle is 15 years old and has always been the “big” girl in class. She is much taller than her fellow classmates and is also bigger in size. According to her doctor, she is in the morbidly obese category based on the body mass index (BMI) chart. Michelle gets her exercise from gym class, which she has every Wednesday afternoon. She does not eat breakfast but does eat school lunches. When she gets home, she tends to fix a bowl of cereal to hold her over until dinner. This individual belongs to an age-specific population that is affected by this health issue. You will write a health analysis paper in which you analyze both the individual and the age-specific population affected by the health issue for symptoms, causes, and data to inform potential prevention options. For example, if your profile describes a middle-aged individual dealing with high blood pressure, your analysis paper will consider both that specific individual and the entire population of middle-aged adults dealing with high blood pressure. You will then develop a presentation directed at a particular audience that could enact some of these prevention options in the hopes of helping both the individual from the profile and the age-specific population in dealing with this health issue. For example, if your individual and population are middle-aged adults dealing with high blood pressure, you would cater your presentation to an audience that could help address the issue and potentially enact some of the prevention options you have recommended. I. Health Issue Analysis: In this section of your final project, you will conduct an analysis of the chosen individual and the age-specific population that they belong to for informing your future recommendations regarding potential prevention options. a. Provide an overview of the health information present in the individual profile you have chosen and identify the age-specific population that is affected by the health issue. In your response, consider what will be the most important information for your analysis. b. Describe the prevalence of the health issue in the age-specific population based on the available data and explain how it informs your analysis of the individual and the population. For example, if the health issue is high blood pressure, what is the national prevalence of this issue in the age-specific population? How would that information inform your analysis? c. Describe whether the prevalence of the health issue has changed over time based on the available data, and explain how it informs your analysis of the individual and the population. For example, if the prevalence of high blood pressure in the age-specific population is different than it used to be, how does that influence your analysis? d. Identify the typical symptoms of the health issue and discuss how the symptoms differ between those of the individual profile and those of the age-specific population. e. Determine potential causes of the health issue for the individual you have chosen and explain how these potential causes are similar or different from those of the age-specific population. f. Explain what the implications of the basic health risk data for the age-specific population might be for the individual and the population in regard to appropriate prevention options. Be sure to justify your response with examples and appropriate resources. g. Identify typical prevention options used to prevent or mitigate the health issue for the age-specific population. For example, when dealing with instances of high blood pressure, what are common options that are used to help prevent or mitigate the issue for middle-aged adults? II. Prevention: In this section, you will use your analysis to determine potential prevention options appropriate for preventing or mitigating the health issue for your individual and his or her age-specific population. The potential prevention options may differ based on their health information. a. Identify best practices of the field regarding prevention options that would be used for the age-specific population with this health issue. Be sure to support your response with examples. b. Determine potential prevention options that could be recommended for the population and the individual and explain why you chose the method(s). Be sure to support your response with appropriate resources and best practices in the field. c. Explain how the age of an individual or a population influences the appropriate prevention options. In other words, how does age factor into deciding upon prevention recommendations? III. Presentation: In this section, you will develop a presentation directed at an audience who would be able to address the health issue you have analyzed and potentially enact or implement some of the prevention options you have recommended. You will have to communicate the importance of the issue as well as how your prevention recommendations would be helpful. Throughout your presentation, you should be communicating with your audience appropriately, considering their existing knowledge of the health issue and their interests. Along with your presentation, you should prepare accompanying speaker notes. a. Describe the health issue, statistics, and population affected by the issue to your audience. b. Communicate the importance of the issue to your audience. You could consider using the individual you have analyzed to support your response. Why is the issue important? How does it impact the population? c. Explain how the prevention options you have identified would be helpful and appropriate for the population. d. Explain to your audience what they could do to help address the issue. For example, how could they enact some of your prevention options?