Federalist 10 Excerpt Analysis
Please use the file (Federalist 10 excerpt) I have provided to answer the following: “What is the argument that Publius makes in this excerpt? What are the key assumptions or premises in the argument? Are these assumptions or premises supported by evidence or argument? What are the key inferences and deductions that Publius makes from these premises? What is the evidence that Publius uses to support his argument? Are the inferences or deductions valid? Is the evidence good? What are the weaknesses in Publius’ argument?” Your response should contain only an analysis of the following excerpt (file I have attached). In your response, provide no background information on Federalist 10, the ratification of the Constitution, or the American Founding. Focus only on the argument in the excerpt below and analyze the argument as it is presented in that excerpt. Do not use any other sources other than the file I provided. Please keep in mind (show/support) the following requirements while writing this essay: 1. Analysis: identification of arguments, assumptions and relevant facts; thorough assessment of the validity of inferences and deductions; thorough comparison or contrast of arguments in two or more sources.November 22, 1787 at New YorkBy a faction, I understand a number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority or a minority of the whole, who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion, or of interest, adverse to the rights of other citizens, or to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community.There are two methods of curing the mischiefs of faction: the one, by removing its causes; the other, by controlling its effects.There are again two methods of removing the causes of faction: the one, by destroying the liberty which is essential to its existence; the other, by giving to every citizen the same opinions, the same passions, and the same interests.It could never be more truly said than of the first remedy, that it was worse than the disease. Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment without which it instantly expires. But it could not be less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life, because it nourishes faction, than it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to animal life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency.The second expedient is as impracticable as the first would be unwise. As long as the reason of man continues fallible, and he is at liberty to exercise it, different opinions will be formed. As long as the connection subsists between his reason and his selflove, his opinions and his passions will have a reciprocal influence on each other; and the former will be objects to which the latter will attach themselves. The diversity in the faculties of men, from which the rights of property originate, is not less an insuperable obstacle to a uniformity of interests. The protection of these faculties is the first object of government. From the protection of different and unequal faculties of acquiring property, the possession of different degrees and kinds of property immediately results; and from the influence of these on the sentiments and views of the respective proprietors, ensues a division of the society into different interests and parties.The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man; and we see them everywhere brought into different degrees of activity, according to the different circumstances of civil society. A zeal for different opinions concerning religion, concerning government, and many other points, as well of speculation as of practice; an attachment to different leaders ambitiously contending for pre-eminence and power; or to persons of other descriptions whose fortunes have been interesting to the human passions, have, in turn, divided mankind into parties, inflamed them with mutual animosity, and rendered them much more disposed to vex and oppress each QUALIFYING EXAM SUMMER 2020other than to cooperate for their common good. So strong is this propensity of mankind to fall into mutual animosities, that where no substantial occasion presents itself, the most frivolous and fanciful distinctions have been sufficient to kindle their unfriendly passions and excite their most violent conflicts. But the most common and durable source of factions has been the various and unequal distribution of property. Those who hold and those who are without property have ever formed distinct interests in society. Those who are creditors, and those who are debtors, fall under a like discrimination. A landed interest, a manufacturing interest, a mercantile interest, a moneyed interest, with many lesser interests, grow up of necessity in civilized nations, and divide them into different classes, actuatedby different sentiments and views. The regulation of these various and interfering interests forms the principal task of modernlegislation, and involves the spirit of party and faction in the necessary and ordinary operations of the government.