Assignment: Alderian Therapy
Assignment: Alderian Therapy
You are doing therapy with a 20-year-old client (Jeff) who was referred for therapy as one of the conditions given by the probation office. Jeff is on probation for assault and possession of illegal substances. This is his second offense. He is the youngest child in a single-parent family. He lives with his mother, who has always tended to be frequently away from the home between working two jobs and dating, even when he was still young. Jeff does not feel loved by anyone except his friends on the street. He seems very overinvolved or “wrapped up” in self-pity because of his absent father and uninvolved mother (per his perception). He can’t hold a job for longer than a few weeks, because he doesn’t really care about the job, and he has no plans for his future. How would you conceptualize Jeff’s problems from the perspective of an Adlerian/individual psychologist? What would you say is causing his concerns? Which Adlerian therapy techniques would you use to help him? Why did you choose those techniques?
Individual therapy, or Adlerian therapy, is an approach in which a therapist works with a client to identify obstacles and create effective strategies for working towards their goals. Adlerians believe that, by gaining insight into challenges, people can overcome feelings of inferiority. Moreover, Adlerians believe that people are most fulfilled when they are working towards the social interest; that is, when they are doing things that are beneficial for society as a whole.
Key Takeaways: Adlerian Therapy
- Adlerian therapy, also known as individual therapy, emphasizes the individual’s ability to bring about positive change in his or her own life.
- Adlerian therapy consists of four stages: engagement, assessment, insight, and reorientation.
- In Adler’s theory, individuals work to overcome feelings of inferiority and to act in ways that benefit the social interest.
Four Stages of Adlerian Therapy
In Adler’s approach to therapy, termed individual psychology or Adlerian psychology, therapy progresses through a series of four stages:
- Engagement. The client and therapist begin to establish the therapeutic relationship. The relationship should consist of collaboration towards addressing the client’s problems. The therapist should offer support and encouragement.
- Assessment. The therapist works to learn more about the client’s background, including early memories and family dynamics. In this part of therapy, the therapist attempts to understand how the client may have developed certain styles of thinking that are no longer helpful or adaptive for them.
- Insight. The therapist offers an of the client’s situation. The therapist suggests theories about how past experiences may have contributed to issues the client is currently experi